Study commissioned by RVO (Netherlands Enterprise Agency) and TKI Wind op Zee (Top Consortium for Knowledge and
Innovation Offshore Wind)
Study performed by Erik Knol (Qeam) and Erwin Coolen (ECHT)
Until today around 1 GW of offshore wind capacity has been realized in Dutch waters of the
North Sea. For the near future the Dutch government has the policy to have five offshore wind farms of circa 700 MW each, realized as from 2019 until 2024. This is the so-called Roadmap 2023. Next, the ambition is to install around 6 GW in the period 2024-2030. This results in an expansion of the installed offshore wind power in the following years: from around 1 GW in 2019 to 10.6 GW in 2030.
Offshore wind energy contributes to a strengthening of the economic activities in the Netherlands and to reach the targets of the Dutch Climate Agreement (Dutch: Klimaatakkoord; MinEZK, 2019a). Therefore, it is relevant to have more in-depth information about employment developments in the Dutch offshore wind energy industry and insights regarding needed competencies. Available publications indicating employment (developments) in offshore wind
in the Netherlands are not useful for human capital planning and education strategies. For this reason The Netherlands Enterprise Agency RVO and TKI Wind op Zee commissioned this study with the following objective: specify Roadmap 2023 employment in offshore wind at such a level of detail that the insights can be used to develop plans for education and inflow of future employees to the offshore wind sector. The request was to investigate certain fields of activities that are from employment and education perspectives relevant, namely: foundation supply, foundation and turbine installation, array cable installation, installation support, wind farm operations, turbine maintenance, structural inspection and maintenance, and maintenance and service logistics.
The study used a bottom-up approach to investigate employment developments: workload estimations on the level of specific fields of activities. Competencies were analysed by using
the following framework: a) functional competencies, and b) foundational competencies. This study was done in close collaboration with key stakeholders from the Dutch offshore wind industry (e.g. Deutsche Windtechnik, Gemini, OutSmart, SeaZip, Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, SIF, Smulders, and Van Oord) via interviews, various iterations on employment figures, workshops, factory visits, and feedback on draft versions of this report.