community in transition
1 oktober 2020 | Suuz Kamper

3rd Value Chain Meeting | Moonshot Project Circular Wind

On the 9th of October from 10:00 untill 12:00 CET the 3rd Value Chain Meeting is taking place. This is the last meeting of Moonshot phase 1. During this meeting we will be looking back at the results from the first two VCMs and we will be looking forward to Moonshot phase 2.

The discussions from the subtracks confirmed the necessity of handling topics like circular tenders, financing and industry examples of cross-sector collaborations. We have invited industry experts to present the current industry standards on these topics and they will offer their view on future standards.

Moonshot phase 2 is a 3 year programme in which the topics from Moonshot phase 1 will be key. 9 topics have been identified that will be made operational in our Moonshot project phase 2. We want to establish work groups from different parties throughout the value chain to set industry standards and shape the future of a circular wind industry. In the value chain meeting, we offer the first possibility to join the work group that touches the problems that your company faces. You can also join the work groups in a later stage. The topics will be quickly explained in the meeting, however below we provide you with extensive information to make you are aware of the scope of the topics.

Please do not hesitate to contact us if there are other topics that need to be added in Moonshot phase 2. We look forward to hearing the voice of the industry and shape the future of circular wind farms together!

Value chain meeting 3 – Establishing work groups

In the first two value chain meetings, we have identified many challenges but also potential solutions to guide us towards a circular wind industry. In the final value chain meeting of phase 1 we would like to have a look at the future and how to tackle the challenges that are holding us back. In order to do so, nine topics have been identified by using your input given during the first 2 value chain meetings. These nine topics will be our mutual focus in our collaboration during Moonshot phase 2.

The topics are the results of the presentations (VCM 1), the statements made in the chat (VCM 1 & 2) and the discussions from all seven sub-tracks (VCM 2). We want to establish work groups where organisations from the entire value chain will collaborate shaping the future industry standards and future of our circular wind industry.

Below an overview of the 9 topics including the sub-track(s) in which it has been discussed and what the main question could be for each specific working group.

The 9 Topics

Responsibility of the materials
Discussed in sub-tracks: Composite, Critical materials, Transport & Installation.

In the current linear model, every party loses ownership after their product is passed on in the value chain. At the end-of-life, the responsibility for recycling or decommissioning is in the hands of the party that might not be an expert in this.

  1. Who should have ownership of the raw materials or components?


Design tenders that include circular selection criteria
Discussed in sub-tracks: Transport & Installation, Nature.
A circular economy can only be established with the help of the government. Tenders should involve circular selection criteria.

  1. What circular selection criteria should be involved in tenders?


Include parties from the value chain in the design
Discussed in sub-tracks: Transport & Installation, Composite, Critical materials, Nature
There are many good examples of collaboration between different partners from the value chain. However, the design does not always facilitate easy transport, installation or recycling.

    1. Why is there no (adequate) collaboration with other parties from the value chain in the design?
    2. How can we facilitate collaborations between the different value chain partners?


Using monitoring of quality for the end-of-life strategy in decommissioning process
Discussed in sub-tracks: Transport & Installation
The quality of the components of wind turbines is monitored well. Currently, this information is primarily used to determine the point at which the turbines need to be decommissioned. This information is very useful for determining the most appropriate end-of-life strategy for every component. The information of the quality of components is sometimes lost after decommissioning. These components are therefore brought to landfill/incineration when they could have been recycled.

  1. How can the monitoring of quality be incorporated in the end-of-life strategy?


Incorporating modular design
Discussed in sub-tracks: (Transport & Installation, Composite)
With a modular design, wind turbines do not have to be completely decommissioned. This reduces waste significantly. Information on the quality of components can also be extremely useful for incorporating a modular design of the turbine. Modular designs will improve circularity, but there are still some challenges ahead.

    1. What is needed from other industry partners to incorporate a modular design?
    2. How can the monitoring of quality be used in a modular design?


Create industry standards for integrating design with nature
Discussed in sub-track: Nature
Include NGO’s and environmental parties in the design, installation and decommissioning to reduce the negative impact on nature and create a positive impact. Create industry standards on topics like optimizing the design for better integration with nature and whether, at the end-of-life, to leave the foundation in or to take it out.

    1. What should the industry standards incorporate?


Create an assessmentto match foundation with nature type
Discussed in sub-track:  Nature
Create an assessment for which foundation type is best suited for every kind of nature. Asses technical aspects like depth, velocity of streaming water, type of seabed, etc. When these aspects are modelled, new projects can use these technical aspects as input for the model to assess which foundation type is best suited. Different foundation types are for instance; mono-piles, floating foundations and jack-up foundations.

    1. What variables should be included in the assessment?


 Develop a recovering strategy for rare earth metals
Discussed in sub-track: Critical materials
Future annual critical metal demands of the energy transition surpass the total annual critical metal production. Rare earth materials, and specifically Neodymium, have a very low recycling rate. The recycling rate of neodymium is below 1%. The chemical industry uses the mass balance approach to improve the recycling rate. The mass balance approach measures how to allocate the recycled content to different products to be able to claim and market the content as ‘recycled’. The measuring is done by a third party1. By using the mass balance approach, the government can set a percentage of recycled materials as a part of the total raw materials. (The mass balance approach is further explained at the end of this document)

    1. How should the recyclability rate of rare earth materials be increased?


Develop hubs around ports
Discussed in sub-track: Transport & Installation
Every offshore wind project passes through ports during their transportation process. Ports are experts on transporting (raw) materials. Moreover, there are many companies located near the port, but the potential and the expertise of the ports is not yet utilized. The transportation of turbines is an expensive and difficult process. Especially after decommissioning, it would be best to implement the end-of-life strategy (recycle, re-use, etc.) to reduce the transportation costs. The transportation of the raw materials and components is best done through the port with its extensive infrastructure network.

    1. What companies should be situated near the ports to create a hub?




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